18 Dec

An Example of How to Calculate OEE in Manufacturing

Calculating your overall equipment effectiveness is important in running your production plant efficiently. In this article, we give you a clear example of how to do it.

OEE in Manufacturing Industry
An Example of How to Calculate OEE in Manufacturing
OEE in Manufacturing Industry
OEE in Manufacturing Industry
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Consumer Product Goods
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Material Building & Construction
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Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM)
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Measuring overall equipment effectiveness (OEE) is crucial to maximizing factory efficiency, so we tend to discuss it frequently. OEE reveals the financial impact of improvements, in addition to evaluating production performance.

How to Calculate OEE

OEE = Availability x Performance x Quality

Looking at a formula is one thing—applying it is another. The best way to truly understand how to calculate OEE is with a good example. The following OEE calculation example will help you understand how to apply it to your situation.

What Factors to Consider

We know that determining OEE requires three factors—here’s what they mean:

• Availability: Run time or planned production time

• Performance: Actual cycle time or ideal cycle time  

• Quality: Good products or total products produced

If you’re wondering how this formula works in a real factory, the following is a good example.

Calculating the OEE of an Electronic Company’s Production Plant

Let’s use an electronic company’s production plant with the following schedule:

• The company is open for 14 hours every day.

• The manufacturing plant operates for 10 hours a day 20 days a month.

Availability: Calculating Planned Production Time

Our planned production time is 200 hours a month because this is how much we plan to keep the equipment running.

However, each workday, operators take a half-hour lunch break, two hours of maintenance is planned each month, and equipment breaks down for an average of three hours per month.

This gives us a total of 15 hours of downtime per month:

• 10 hours of lunch breaks,

• two hours of maintenance and

• three hours of equipment failure.

15 hours / 200 hours = 7.5% → 100% - 7.5% = 92.5% availability = 185 hours of actual run time

Performance: Calculating Cycle Time

Our equipment could ideally complete 60 cycles per minute. However, it performed only 52 cycles each minute in the past month.

52 cpm / 60 cpm = 86.6% performance

Quality: Accounting for Rejects

It takes 50 cycles to produce any electronic; therefore, our production plant is producing roughly 62 electronics each hour.

52 cpm × 60 minutes = 3120 cycles per hour

3120 cycles / 50 cycles per electronic = 62 electronics/hour

Multiplying that by 185 run time hours per month, we get a total production of 11,470 electronics per month. However, only 10,950 of these electronics are good.

This means we have a quality score of 95.5%

10,950 / 11,470

In summary, the equipment is:

• available 92.5 percent of the time,

• its performance is 86.6 percent effective,

• and product quality is at 95.5 percent

Let’s Calculate OEE

Using the above numbers, the plant's overall equipment effectiveness equates to 76.5%:

OEE= 92.5% x 86.6% x 95.5% = 76.5%

While individual metrics for each input appear to be relatively high, it is evident that their collective impact can significantly downgrade the overall efficiency of the plant when calculating OEE.

The question we then need to ask ourselves is how good or bad is an OEE score of 76.5 percent? For many manufacturers, it could be sufficient, or at least a good benchmark. General OEE industry standards are as follows:

• 100%: Perfect

• 85%: World-class level, and often a goal for discrete manufacturers

• 60%: Typical, but with clear room for improvement

• 40%: Low, but typical for factories that are measuring OEE for the first time

Using Smart Factory Technology and OEE Software to Improve Productivity

Smart factory technology is crucial for those who want to calculate an accurate OEE and know if each process is maximally productive. Using smart factory features such as automated data collection, real-time dashboards, and analytics reporting, managers can determine things like:

• If small stops are becoming a significant issue.

• What is causing slow cycles and speed loss.

• How well workers are following processes.

• What planned and unplanned downtime look like.

Find Out How to Calculate OEE for Your Plant

Take control of your plant's effectiveness with Worximity’s Smart Factory technology. Empower you and your team to improve performance by uncovering hidden capacity and boosting production.

Not sure where to start? Try our OEE calculator.

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